linux上安装mysql5.7
2020-09-13 18:39:26
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1、下载tar包,这里使用wget从官网下载
https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

2、将mysql安装到/usr/local/mysql下
# 解压
tar -xvf mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

# 移动
mv mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/

# 重命名
mv /usr/local/mysql-5.7.22-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 /usr/local/mysql

3、新建data目录
mkdir /usr/local/mysql/data

4、新建mysql用户、mysql用户组
# mysql用户组
groupadd mysql

# mysql用户
useradd mysql -g mysql

5、将/usr/local/mysql的所有者及所属组改为mysql
chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql

6、配置
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
# 如果出现以下错误:
2018-07-14 06:40:32 [WARNING] mysql_install_db is deprecated. Please consider switching to mysqld --initialize
2018-07-14 06:40:32 [ERROR] Child process: /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqldterminated prematurely with errno= 32
2018-07-14 06:40:32 [ERROR] Failed to execute /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --bootstrap --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --lc-messages-dir=/usr/local/mysql/share --lc-messages=en_US --basedir=/usr/local/mysql
-- server log begin --

-- server log end --

# 则使用以下命令:
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --initialize
# 如果出现以下错误:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libnuma.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
# 则执行以下命令:
yum -y install numactl

# 完成后继续安装:
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --initialize
# 编辑/etc/my.cnf
[mysqld]
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
socket=/tmp/mysql.sock
user=mysql
port=3306
character-set-server=utf8
max_connections=1000

# 取消密码验证
skip-grant-tables

# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0

# skip-grant-tables
[mysqld_safe]
log-error=/var/log/mysqld.log
pid-file=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid

7、开启服务
# 将mysql加入服务
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql

# 开机自启
chkconfig mysql on
# 开启
service mysql start

8、设置密码
# 登录(由于/etc/my.cnf中设置了取消密码验证,所以此处密码任意)
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p

# 操作mysql数据库
>>use mysql;

# 修改密码
>>update user set authentication_string=password('你的密码') where user='root';
>>flush privileges;
>>exit;

9、将/etc/my.cnf中的skip-grant-tables删除

10、登录再次设置密码(不知道为啥如果不再次设置密码就操作不了数据库了)
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p
>>ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '修改后的密码';
>>exit;

11、允许远程连接
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p
>>use mysql;
>>update user set host='%' where user = 'root';
>>flush privileges;
>>eixt;

12、添加快捷方式
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin
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